HISTORY OF DIABETES

Diabetes is the short name of Diabetes Mellitus. Mellitus comes from Greek word,it means Honeyed or Sweet. This is because in diabetes excess sugar is found in our blood as well as in urine.

Greek physicians firstly prescribed exercise to alleviate excess urination, overfeeding (wine ) to compensate for loss of fluid weight, starvation diet etc.The sweet taste of urine of diabetics was due to excess sugar in the urine and blood of people with diabetes.
In ancient times diabetes was usually a Death sentence. An Indian healer identified diabetes known as Madhumeha it means “Madhu”– honey combined the term means sweet urine. The ancient Indians tested whether ants were attracted to a person’s urine or not. Diabetes is also calledSugar urine disease
In Persia Avicenna was the first to described diabetes insipidus.
Mr John Peter Frank ( 1745-1821) differentiated between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.Greek physician Arateus in 150 AD said “the melting down of flesh and limbs into urine” .Centuries later,testing the urine of people suspected to have it. If urine tested sweet, diabetes was diagnosed.

In 1800s that scientist’s developed chemical tests to detect the presence of sugar in the urine. People have been aware of diabetes for thousands of years.Scientists and physician have been documenting the condition now known as diabetes, many brilliant minds have played a part in the fascinating history of diabetes.First known mention of diabetes symptoms was in 1552 B. C. (Hesy Ra ) an Egyptian physician documented as a symptoms of a mysterious disease.

In 1916, Boston scientist Elliott Joslin established as one of the world’s leading diabetes experts by creating the treatment of diabetes mellitus, which reported that a fasting diet combined with regular exercise could significantly reduce the risk of death in diabetic patients. The first big breakthrough that eventually led to the use of insulin to treat diabetes was in 1889, when Oskar Minkowski and Joseph Von Mering, researchers at the France. In the early 1900s George Zuetzer, a German scientist found that injecting pancreatic extract into patient could help control diabetes.

Frederick Banting, a physician in Ontario, Canada, first had the idea to use insulin to treat diabetes in 1920.Banting and his team finally used insulin to successfully treat a diabetic patient in 1922 and were awarded the Nobel prize in medicine.

Common Questions related to diabetes !

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