In our world the number of diabetic patients are increasing exponentially.
If we talk about limited states then more then 32 million Americans and on the world scale around 430 millions people have been addresses with diabetes.
Diabetes is normal have can be said as a condition where the sugar level in blood is higher than normal.Insulin is a special hormone made inside the special cells of pancreas known as ‘islets ‘. This special hormone insulin serves as a door for your cells to allow the sugar from your food to enter inside the cells. Eventually, body uses the sugar as energy. When our body is not capable to produce insulin then its the advent of diabetes.
There are three main types of diabetes mellitus.
Type I Diabetes : shows from the Pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin due to loss of cells. This cause have ” insulin – dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or Juvenile diabetes. The loss of beta cells is caused by an autoimmune response. The cause of this autoimmune response is unknown.
Type II Diabetes : Begins with insulin, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly, this form was called as “Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes.
The mostly common cause is a combination of excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.
Type IIIrd Diabetes : The third main form called Gestational diabetes. When pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
In the year 2019, an estimated 463 million people had diabetes worldwide(8.8% of the adult-population). Type II Diabetes about 90% of the cases. Rates are similar in women and men. Diabetes at least doubles a person’s risk of early death. It is the 7th leading cause of death globally. Average medical expenditure among people with diabetes are about 2.3 times higher.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) type II shows high blood sugar levels, symptoms often include frequent urination, increased thirst and increased appetite. Acute complications can be diabetic Keto acidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemia state or death. If have long term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the nerves, damage to the eyes and cognitive impairment.
Diabetes mellitus is also called group of Metabolic disorders.
Common Question on Diabetes .