- FASTING BLOOD SUGAR TEST : This test is usually done in the morning ( after 8 hours fast not eating or drinking anything except water for 8 hours before the test ). If blood sugar level is 126 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dl) or higher on two occasions indicates diabetes.
- ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST(PP) : You will drink a beverage containing 75 grams of glucose dissolved in water. Two hours later , will measures the amount of glucose in your blood. A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dl or higher indicates diabetes.
- RANDOM BLOOD SUGAR : This test measures the level of glucose in your blood at any time of day. It does not matter when you last ate. If it shows blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl or higher indicates diabetes.
- A1C BLOOD TEST : This test provides information about a person’s average levels of blood glucose over the previous three months. This report shows as a percentage basis – A normal A1C level as below 5.7%. A test result of 65% or above indicates diabetes. A result between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates prediabetes.
LIVING WITH DIABETES :
We can live a normal life with well controlled diabetes. We all need to pay attention to diet, weight, regular exercise and medicine.
If you do not control your diabetes, you will havbe too much glucose in your blood,
This can lead to serious health problems including heart disease, damage to the nerves and kidneys , known as Diabetic retinopathy(eyes) problems. If you are having diabetic since long time then controlled, treatment is important at any age.
About 422 million people worldwide hav e diabetes, the majority living in low and middle income countries, and 1.6 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes each year.
Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades hence you should closely monitor your glucose level beforehand.
When you track your diet because you have diabetes, you take special attention to carbohydrates because they can affect you blood sugar level faster than protein or fat.
Diabetes can dry out your skin, that means you could get injured more easily, be more likely to get an infections and take longer to heal.
It is important to check your feet once a day and protect them from cuts, corns, blisters and injuries.
Stay Tuned !
Common Questions on diabetes answered .