Diabetic people to have a hair loss on the head and on other parts of the body. This condition called Alopecia areata, the immune system attacks the hair follicles, leading to patches of hair loss on the head.
When white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, causing them to shrink and dramatically slow down hair production.
If you have diabetes, does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that moves the sugar from the foods you ear from your blood stream into your cells to be stored or used as energy.
Excess sugar can damage organs all over your body, including eyes, nerves and kidneys.It can also damage blood vessels. These vessels carry oxygen around your body to nourish organs and tissues.
Damaged blood vessels may not be able to deliver enough oxygen to nourish your hair follicles. This lack of oxygen can affect normal hair growth cycle.
Hair usually goes through three phases. First active growing phase,which lasts for two years or more, hair grows at a rate of 1 to 2cm per month.Then second resting phase which lasts for about 100 days. After this phase, some of the resting hair falls out.
Diabetes can interrupt this process, slowing down your hair growth. Having diabetes can also cause lose more hair than usual. You can also see loose hairs on your arms, legs and other body parts.
Diabetes itself can lead to hair loss, may also loss hair as a side effect of stress from living with a chronic illness, or from medicines . Some people with diabetes also have thyroid diseases, which can contribute to hair loss.
If hair loss from your arms and legs is especially important,because it could be a sign of poor blood flow.
You may need to adjust your diet, lifestyle, or medicine to get a better handle on your blood sugar. Once your diabetes is under control, shows reduction in hair loss.
Biotin is a vitamin found naturally in foods like Peanuts, almonds, sweet potatoes, eggs, onions and oats. There is some evidence that taking biotin supplements by mouth may slow hair loss. The recommended adequate intake for adults is 30 micrograms per day, but supplements usually contain much higher amounts. Then ask your doctors what is a safe amount for you.
Some people can slow or stop hair loss that results from diabetes. The most effective way to do this is by maintaining good control of blood sugar levels and managing stress.
you can control their blood sugar by –
-Monitoring their blood sugar level regularly.
-Taking all medications as their doctor’s advised.
-Eating a balanced and healthful diet.
-Using relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga and deep breathing exercises.
Diets rich in high fiber foods, vegetables , fruits and lean proteins are beneficial for controlling blood sugar levels.
So, that primary causes of hair loss in people with diabetes are uncontrolled blood sugar levels, emotional and physical stress and hormone imbalances. Hair loss can cause ‘dramatic and devastating emotions’ leading to problems with self-esteem and self confidence.