High levels of glucose in your blood damage the wall of arteries and develop fatty deposits (atheroma). This increases your risk of developing heart and circulatory systems.
If atheroma builds up in your coronary artery ( the arteries that supply oxygen – rich blood to your heart )If this happens in the arteries that carry blood to your brain it can lead to a stroke.
A storke is a medical emergency. It happens when the blood flow to part of your brain is cut off. The brain cells to become damaged or die.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) also known as coronary heart disease (CHD).
A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present.
Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high cholesterol level, poor diet, depression and excessive alcohol.
Some tests may help with diagnosis including – Electrocardiogram, Cardiac stress test, Coronary computed tomographic Angiography and coronary Angiogram.
Ways to reduce coronary artery disease risk include eating a healthy diet, regularly exercise, maintaining a healthy weight and not smoking. You should always medications for diabetes high cholesterol or high blood pressure.
Coronary artery disease(CAD) is treatable, but there is no cure.If you have CAD you have to learn to live with it for the rest of your life by lowering your risk factors and loosing your fear you can live a full life despite CAD.
You may have been living with coronary artery disease much longer before you realised it.CAD brings along with it fears and anxiety due to its close association with heart attacks.Medications and risk reduction practices such as quitting smoking, diet restrictions, regular exercise and management of stress make it possible to lead a near-normal life with coronary artery diseases.
Once you have a cardiac event like a heart attack or a stroke, your life expectancy decreases.
The diet focuses on plenty of nutrient-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables, along with clean meat and whole grains. Excess of salt,sugar, trans-fats and saturated fat is avoided. .Soluble fiber helps reduce cholesterol and manage better sugar level.
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