Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affects dogs and cats and other animals(including apes, pigs and horses)as well as humans.
Diabetes mellitus or “Sugar diabetes” is the type of diabetes seen most often in dogs. It is a metabolism disorder. Female dogs can also develop temporary insulin resistance while in heat or pregnant.
Glucose is essential fuel for the body’s cells. The glucose is observed from the intestines in the blood, which ten transport the glucose throughout the body.
Insulin is in charge of fuel delivery. Insulin acts as a “gatekeeper” that tells cells to grab glucose and other nutrients out of the blood stream and use then as fuel. With diabetes the glucose-insulin connection is not working as it should diabetes occur in dogs.
Two forms of diabetes in dogs-
- Insulin-deficiency diabetes – when the dog’s body is not producing enough insulin . This happens when the pancreas is damaged or otherwise not functioning properely. This is the most common type of diabetes in dogs.
- Insulin-resistance diabetes – This type of diabetes can especially occur in older, obese dogs. This time pancreas is producing some insulin. The cells are not responding to the insulin’s so that glucose is not being pulled out of the blood and into the cells.
High sugar level in the blood damages many organs without insulin to help convert the glucose in the blood stream into fuel, high levels of glucose build up in the blood.
This often includes damage to the kidneys, eyes, heart, blood vessels and nerves.
If you have dog, kindly you attention. some symptoms that can be early signs of diabetes-
In more Advanced cases of diabetes, symptoms can become more pronounced – include-
-Loss of appetite
-Lack of energy
-Loss of eye sight
Unfortunately diabetes is not curable in dogs, and the vast majority of diabetic dogs require insulin injections.
The goal of treatment is to regulate blood glucose using insulin and some probable diet and daily routine changes. A1C test become available for cats and dogs. The product is call A1CARE.
Acceptable blood glucose level for dogs are between 5 and 10mm ol/l or 90 to 180 mg/dl.
Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the incidence of complications such as Cataracts and neutopathy.
Hypoglycemia, or low blood glucose, can happen even with care, since insulin requirements can change without warning.
Vomiting and diarrhea episodes can bring on a hypoglycemia reaction due to dehydration or simply a case of too much insulin and not enough properly digested food. Symptoms of hypoglycemia need to be taken seriously and addressed promptly.
Owners must clearly understand that too much insulin can kill and that they should call a Veterinarian or halve the doses if they have any concerns about a pet’s well being or appetite.
If your dog’s been diagnosed with diabetes, don’t assume he won’t be around much longer. The life expectancy of a dog with diabetes depends on various factors, including his age at diagnosis.
Proper treatment of a dog with diabetes is a big commitment. Your commitment to your dog affects his prognosis.
Adding carbohydrates to your dog’s regular food can aid in weight gain. Make up a batch of rice or Pasta a couple of times a week and spoon a few tablespoon into your pet’s meal.